A smart city is characterised by the widespread presence of infrastructures and networks that enable 5G mobile connectivity and Wi-Fi, the cloud, fixed broadband networks, smart grids, multimodal and connected transport networks, water networks and public lighting. It is characterised by sensors and IoT devices networks including smart devices, connected sensors, smart cars, smart bikes and smartphones. Elements that continuously produce data - on air and water quality, citizens' needs and movements. All data is processed and analysed through big data analytics software, as well as open data processing with machine learning and artificial intelligence. Finally, mobile and web apps that enable the creation of high value-added services for citizens.
Mission 1: Mobility as a Service and integrated urban transport systems
Mission 1 allocates 2 billion euro for Digital Services and Digital Citizenship, with a note dedicated to 'Mobility as a Service' (MaaS): an initiative to implement a sustainable mobility system, integrating different modes of transport through a single digital channel, facilitating travel in urban centres.
Mission 2: Green revolution and ecological transition in urban centres
Some of the interventions in Mission 2 see cities as protagonists of change. In fact, 9 billion euro is made available for the development of more sustainable local public transport, and the strengthening of cycling, mass rapid transit and electric charging infrastructures. Smart building projects are included in the 15 billion euro reserved for energy efficiency improvements and the redevelopment of public buildings, in which smart technologies can be adopted to reduce consumption and make them greener and more efficient. Other infrastructure digitisation measures include 4 billion euro for Smart Grids and to strengthen the electricity distribution network in a digital and flexible manner.
Mission 5: Integrated Urban Plans for an innovative, inclusive and sustainable city
Among the 9 billion euros earmarked for Urban Regeneration, around 2,5 billion euro are dedicated to Integrated Urban Plans, which are participatory urban planning projects with the aim of transforming vulnerable territories into smart and sustainable cities. This is an opportunity to promote planning synergies between metropolitan cities and smaller neighbouring municipalities, to create a more homogeneous urban and suburban fabric and to bridge infrastructure and mobility deficits.