We are in presence of a recovery: the economic disasters caused by the pandemic are not yet completely over, but the indicators are encouraging. In 2021, Italy's gross domestic product grew by +6.4%, well above the EU average of +5.2%. Although there are still strong elements of uncertainty such as high utility bills, rising energy and raw material prices, supply difficulties in the markets and strong geopolitical tensions, the labour market is alive. According to ISTAT, in fact, the number of employed people in December 2021 was higher than in December 2020 by +2.4%; only for workers between 35- and 49-years old stability is observed, but due to the demographic component. In fact, the employment rate rose for all age groups.
Narrowing the focus on professions that require digital and technological skills to be carried out, companies are facing difficulties in selecting qualified and adequately trained personnel.
According to the Excelsior report for February 2022, drawn up by Unioncamere and Anpal, ICT and Tlc companies need to recruit new staff, but the difference between supply and demand is still too wide, rising to 38.6% (33.6% one year ago). Lack of candidates is the most difficult reason reported by companies (22%), followed by inadequate preparation (13.4%). A quantitative and qualitative problem.
The most difficult figures to find are IT, telematics and telecommunications technicians (68.1%).
Digital skills are an essential driver for growth, 71% of companies invested in digital transformation last year. The problem is very serious in a context characterised by strong growth in digitalisation, thanks also to the resources of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR).