Today, technology is advancing rapidly also within legal professions, in the form of process digitisation and predictive justice. It is possible to create a perimeter containing various disciplines, such as Data Science, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), Natural Language Processing (NLP) and statistics, with the aim of representing legal knowledge, identifying correlations, and making predictions concerning judicial decisions, or concerning the possibility of a draft law becoming a concrete measure.
When we talk about the digitisation of justice, we refer to predictive justice, namely that set of tools based on artificial intelligence capable of supporting the legal and jurisdictional function by analysing a large amount of information in a short time to predict the possible outcome of a judgement. The new technologies could make up for the slowness of proceedings, assist lawyers in drafting the defence, prosecutors for the prosecution, and even judges to provide a definition of the case.
But there are also those who look with concern at a possible technological shift in the world of the legal professions. On the one hand, because of various dysfunctions in the application of AI on the ethical level, when it comes to making decisions on people's lives and freedoms; on the other hand, because of the fear that an excessive digitalisation of justice could compromise the human factor, losing some fundamental qualities, such as empathy and the ability to circumstantiate situations.
There is a concern that technological development may entrust such an important role to machines that they no longer need their human counterpart. This would entail the loss of human sensitivity, which instead remains a fundamental value to avoid possible discriminatory outcomes.